Three generations of human rights are evident: the civil or freedom rights; the economic and social rights; and, currently, the solidarity or collective rights, including cultural rights. The principle of the right to communicate contains both the passive and the active right of the receiver to inform and to be informed. That the right to communicate is a fundamental human right clearly signals that participatory democratization brings a redistribution of power. Both individual and social rights are included in this right. Thus, there is an urgent need for a global ethics that begins from a global cultural perspective.
Chapter in Many Voices, One Vision: The Right to Communicate in Practice, edited by Philip Lee. Penang: Southbound, 2004. ISBN 983-9054-40-6